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Human rights violations committed against minorities in America: How have they evolved over time?

(Cox)

Inside of the detention centers in Mexico and America immigrants are living in inhumane condition making the treatment that they receive worse than what terrorists in Guantanamo Bay experience (Sayed). Inside of these facilities, the legal system is horrendous leading to many children in the centers, not receiving legal support due to immigration cases being civil proceedings, which don’t guarantee attorneys (“U.S. Detention of Child Migrants.”). This led to 71% of them being deported in 2019 (“U.S. Detention of Child Migrants.”). Clearly the immigrants are neglected inside of the facilities, as they experience misrepresentation, a lack of resources, and overall mistreatment (Schrank). Much like immigrants basic human rights are being breached right now. African Americans experienced terrible treatment through legalized segregation during the Jim Crow era.

Historical Problem: 

The era of Jim Crow was “created by white southerners to enforce racial segregation across the South from the 1870s through the 1960s”( “Jim Crow (Article).”). Racial segregation was legalized with the Plessy vs. Ferguson case in 1896. The supreme court ruled that the Jim Crow Laws were legal and “separate but equal” was constitutional ( “Jim Crow (Article).”). The Jim Crow Laws meant that African Americans would have to deal with segregated social commodities such as water fountains or movie theaters (“Jim Crow (Article).”). Often these spaces would be neglected by the government and overall inferior to the white spaces. While African American civil rights were not supposed to be infringed upon, they would often be by laws that made it very difficult for them to vote “southern states enacted literacy tests, poll taxes, elaborate registration systems, and eventually whites-only Democratic Party primaries to exclude black voters” (“White Only: Jim Crow in America .”). 

To learn more about the era of Jim Crow you can read my Personal interest essay and my historical research assignment.

Present Day Problem:

(Buchholz)
What you need to know 

For this project, I am focusing on the human rights violations committed against Latin Americans held in detention centers. Currently, the human rights violations occurring in detention centers are mainly caused by overcrowding (Schrank). In Mexico, detention centers suffer from severe overcrowding resulting in people sleeping on the ground due to a lack of cell space (Schrank). Additionally, overcrowding is causing water and food shortages, leading to dehydration and starvation (Schrank). Making the treatment that immigrants receive worse than what terrorists in Guantanamo Bay experience (Sayed). Furthermore, President Trump utilizes the terrible conditions of the facilities, as well as the inhumane treatment of immigrants, as an impediment, so immigrants would not migrate to the United States (“Life Inside U.S. Migrant Detention Centers.”). One source of deterrence, that President Trump is using, is the separation of families, as children 13 years of age and older are being removed from their parents (Schrank). Due to the separation of families, immigrants have reported that multiple children have died in the facilities because of a lack of protection (U.S. Commission on Civil Rights., 2019).

What has been done by the U.S. Government to combat the issues of immigration

Furthermore Trump has enacted a recent policy to keep immigrants from the border which is called the “safe third country agreement” with “El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras” (“U.S. Detention of Child Migrants.” ). This policy makes it so immigrants that want to enter the U.S. have to “apply for asylum” while traveling through these countries first (“U.S. Detention of Child Migrants.” ). This would help with the problem of human rights violations inside of detention centers in Mexico and the U.S., but would result in asylum seekers being deported into countries they were trying to escape from (Ibe, Peniel, et al.). Even though this policy doesn’t help immigrants, a recent bill called the “Border Aid Act” has been made to send $4.6 billion to the border to help make conditions inside of the facilities better, as well as improve legal representation and healthcare (Willis). Current actions such as the “Border Aid Act” are too recent to know if they are helping the immigrant’s quality of life (Willis). Furthermore, Trump’s policy of deportation was created recently as well, so there are no official numbers on how many people have been deported through the “safe third country agreement” (Narea). This means that, as of right now, the quality of life for Latin American immigrants inside of detention centers could very well be just as atrocious before these policies and bills were passed. 

To find more information on human rights violations committed against Mexican immigrants read my present day research essay

(Pinheiro)

For Now

Micro Solutions:

Supporting Organizations 1) The easiest way to support Latin American immigrants is by donating to organizations. Such as The American Civil Liberties Union(ACLU), which is a great organization that helps immigrant families get legal support. This organization has helped many immigrants fight the “zero tolerance” policy through class action lawsuits, which protest the separation of families and the pressure asylum seekers receive from the U.S. to leave the country (Leonhardt). Another great organization that helps many immigrants is Freedom For Immigrants. They have generated a national hotline to report abuse and let immigrants in detention centers connect with their families (“Detention Statistics.”). They have also created visitation programs at many detention centers (“Detention Statistics.”). On top of that, they operate a “national detention bond fund”, which makes cash bonds available to immigrants during their cases (“Detention Statistics.”). To find other great organizations, one can go to Act Blue which has many different organizations that one can donate to (Leonhardt).

Supporting bills/politicians that help immigrants 2) Another way of supporting immigrants is by aiding politicians that will help immigrants. An example of this would be campaigning for the politician or donating to his/her campaign. One politician who supports the rights of immigrants is Julian Castro. He ran for President this year but sadly had to drop out. He is an avid believer in changing the immigration policies that split up families such as “section 1325 of the Immigration and Nationality Act — one of the legal provisions that allows the Trump administration to separate thousands of immigrant families in 2018.” (Narea). 

Being Vocal on Social Media 3) Social media is a great platform that sheds light on the topic of immigration, it causes people to face this worldwide issue rather than shy away from it. By being vocal on social media one can teach people the injustices the immigrants go through every day. The knowledge of these injustices among citizens creates unity and generates protests, which can create reform in the government. In addition to protesting, people who are educated on the topic of immigration are more likely to donate and support organizations that directly help immigrants. 

Macro Solution:

1) As of right now, the majority of immigrants are leaving their home countries to come to America to escape the “War On Drugs” (Speck)(U.S. Commission on Civil Rights., 2019). The “War on Drugs” is currently a never-ending battle between the government and drug kingpins. This battle stems from the constant need for money among people in society. In an ideal society, where everyone has a sufficient amount of money to support their lifestyle, there would be no need for people to become drug distributors. That can lead to a depletion of immigrants traveling to the US. If immigrants don’t come to America then they won’t have to experience the inhumane conditions of the detention centers. My solution is to create jobs in the main Latin American countries that Latin American immigrants come from, such as, “Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, and Venezuela” (Zong, Jie, et al.). To create jobs there has to be “three major focuses: generate employment, increase employability, and make the labor markets more efficient” (Karnanil). First, we have to create job opportunities that the poor are experienced at (Karnani). An example of this could be the U.S. government incentivizing clothing companies like The Gap to manufacture their goods in countries like El Salvador instead of China (“We Can’t Trust Anything Made in China, Here’s a List.”). El Salvador is a prime country for this because its highest export is knit and crochet clothing, showing that a relatively high percentage of their population is versed on the craft which could theoretically create a lot of jobs for the poor (Workman). Second, we have to make the poor more employable by giving them an education (Karnani). Third, we have to make the labor market more productive by creating job matching programs as well as placement services (Karnani). Once the poor have jobs, it is important for the wealthy to support their small businesses by buying their products (Karnani). Overall, I believe that this solution would work because Latin Americans would have no need to migrate to America, relieving pressure from the immigration system leading to better treatment of immigrants. 

2) My second solution, to make the quality of life for immigrants better in the detention centers, starts with using the $4.6 billion from the Border Aid Bill (Willis). From that, I propose to use $1.5 billion to improve the quality of life for the immigrants inside detention centers, by making sure everyone has beds and other common necessities. This would include creating visitation programs, so immigrants could see their loved ones. Additionally, $1 billion can be used to create multiple tent city detention centers that cost around $100,000 each, which would effectively deal with the issue of overcrowding (Fernández). After that is implemented, I recommend dissolving the “Migrant Protection Protocols”, a policy that makes immigrants stay in the neglected Mexico detention centers while their cases are being processed which can take an exuberant amount of time due to a buildup of cases (FAUX)(“U.S. Detention of Child Migrants.”)(Schrank). Next it is important to focus on revamping the legal system in the detention centers by using $1 billion to hire more judges and state paid attorneys, so everyone receives legal representation. The last $1.1 billion would be used to hire translators in every facility, as well as more training for the officers regarding how to treat inmates. The most important part of my plan is hiring inspectors who would go around to each detention center, every year, to make sure that the facilitators are practicing humane treatment towards the immigrants. This plan would work because the inhumane treatment derives from overpopulated facilities, so if there is no overcrowding then the quality of life for immigrants will be better (Schrank). 

Work Cited: 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1scXHRTqd-uMW9fNWxOuXuxwhUn_DoVwoQAjUaDav_5I/edit

COMMENTS:

Now that you have seen my research, please use the comment forum below to have discussion about my paper, as well as what you think I can approve apon in regards to my Micro and Macro Solutions.

 
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